Jack Mezirow, the recognized pioneer of transformative learning, breaks these stages into ten nonsequential steps: (1) a disorienting dilemma; (2) self-examination with feelings of fear, anger, guilt, or shame; (3) a critical assessment of assumptions; (4) recognition that one’s discontent and the process of transformation are shared; (5) exploration of options for new roles, relationships, and actions; (6) planning a course of action; (7) acquiring knowledge and skills for implementing it; (8) provisional trying on of new roles; (9) building competence and self-confidence in new roles and relationships; (10) a reintegration into one’s life on basis of conditions dictated by one’s new perspective. See Jack Mezirow et al., Learning as Transformation (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000), 22.

From:Kenda Creasy Dean, Almost Christian: What the Faith of Our Teenagers is Telling the American Church